The Difference Between Active and Passive Fire Protection

 Fire protection is an undisputedly important element in any building’s design. The exclusion of fire protection services and measures could result in death or serious injury, so it is of the utmost importance to have the right protection in place. For most of us, fire extinguishers and smoke detectors come to mind when we think of fire safety. These two items cover only a small part of the ideal fire protection plan, which you should always have for any building. Often, parts of a building’s fire protection goes unnoticed or overlooked. There are two forms of fire protection – Active Fire Protection (AFP) and Passive Fire Protection (PFP). Both work in synchronicity: one does not work at the expense of the other, as the two must be implemented to form the whole entirety of a plan. For peace of mind and maximum safety in a building, you should understand the differences between the two approaches, so you are confident in applying both AFP and PFP to ensure the safety of your dwelling. 

 

Active Fire Protection (AFP)

Active Fire Protection generally involves the elements of fire protection that require some form of manual or automatic action from the user, in order to be effective. A manual action could take the form of using a fire extinguisher, for example, while an example of an automatic action would be activating the sprinkler system, to douse the flames. 

 

Passive Fire Protection (PFP)

Passive fire protection is generally an overlooked element of fire safety, which in turn can risk the safety of the entire building if not applied fully and correctly. Passive fire protection is a fundamental element of fire protection. While the name implies a certain passivity, it is always working. Passive fire protection embodies a set of elements, which act to compartmentalise a building in order to stop a fire from spreading. Passive fire protection requires no action in order to take effect. 

 

Use These Principles Together

If you’re wondering which type of fire protection is better, the answer is neither. In combination with knowledge of fire safety tips, you can effectively protect your building and its inhabitants from fire hazards. The two methods work together to alert a building’s tenants of the existing fire, while also containing the fire from spreading which in turn gives people time to evacuate and/or take other measures in order to further stifle the fire, or call for help. It is never a clear question of which one is better, and which you should take the time to install while disregarding the principles of the other. Each will work better if you install the other.

 

We hope this article has helped you better understand the measures that you must take to protect yourself and others from fire risks and hazards. With implementation and a preemptive, proactive approach, you can educate those around you, ensuring that your friends, family and peers are also taking the necessary precautions in this aspect. From fire extinguishers to building fire-safe structures, there is never any harm in checking that your home or place of work aligns with fire safety procedures.